Passover 2024 is here! When is Pesach? What is The Haggadah? A Seder meal? How to celebrate

Passover, or Pesach in Hebrew, is one of the most significant and widely celebrated holidays in the Jewish calendar.

It commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt and the Exodus led by Moses.

As Passover 2024 approaches, Jewish communities around the world are preparing to observe this sacred holiday with rituals, traditions, and symbolic foods.

In this comprehensive guide, we explore the significance of Passover, delve into the rituals of the Seder meal, and provide tips on how to celebrate this meaningful holiday.

Understanding Passover:

Passover, known as Pesach in Hebrew, begins on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nissan and lasts for eight days (seven days in Israel).

It commemorates the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt, as recounted in the biblical book of Exodus.

According to tradition, the Israelites were enslaved in Egypt for generations until Moses, under divine guidance, led them to freedom.

The holiday serves as a reminder of the importance of liberation, redemption, and the pursuit of justice.

The Significance of The Haggadah:

Central to the Passover observance is the Haggadah, a text that outlines the order of the Seder meal and recounts the story of the Exodus.

The word “Haggadah” means “telling” or “narrative” in Hebrew, reflecting its primary purpose of retelling the story of the Israelites’ journey from slavery to freedom.

The Haggadah is read aloud during the Seder, a festive meal held on the first two nights of Passover (the first night only in Israel).

It contains prayers, blessings, songs, and rituals that guide participants through the retelling of the Exodus story, including the plagues, the splitting of the Red Sea, and the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai.

The Seder Meal:

The Seder meal is the focal point of Passover observance, bringing together family and friends to retell the story of the Exodus and celebrate freedom.

The word “Seder” means “order” in Hebrew, reflecting the structured format of the meal as outlined in the Haggadah.

The Seder plate, a ceremonial dish containing symbolic foods, takes center stage during the meal.

Each item on the Seder plate represents an aspect of the Passover story, such as the bitter herbs (maror) symbolizing the bitterness of slavery, the shank bone (zeroa) representing the Paschal lamb sacrificed during the Exodus, and the egg (beitzah) symbolizing rebirth and renewal.

How to Celebrate Passover:

Prepare for the Seder:

Plan ahead by gathering the necessary ingredients for the Seder plate, including matzah (unleavened bread), bitter herbs, and other symbolic foods.

Set the table with festive decorations, candles, and Haggadot (plural of Haggadah) for each participant.

Follow the Haggadah:

During the Seder, follow the order of the Haggadah, taking turns reading aloud from the text and engaging in discussions about the Passover story.

Encourage participation from all attendees, including children, by asking questions, singing traditional songs, and performing rituals such as the Four Questions and the recitation of the Ten Plagues.

Enjoy the Meal:

After reciting blessings over the wine and matzah, partake in the festive meal, which typically includes traditional Passover dishes such as matzah ball soup, gefilte fish, roasted chicken or brisket, and a variety of side dishes made without leavening agents.

Take time to savor the flavors and enjoy the company of loved ones as you celebrate the joyous occasion of Passover.

Reflect and Give Thanks:

As you celebrate Passover, take time to reflect on the meaning of freedom, redemption, and the importance of justice in the world.

Express gratitude for the blessings in your life and consider ways to support those in need, embodying the spirit of Passover through acts of kindness and compassion.


Passover 2024 offers an opportunity for Jewish communities around the world to come together in celebration, reflection, and remembrance.

By observing the rituals of the Seder meal, retelling the story of the Exodus through the Haggadah, and enjoying festive foods and traditions, participants can connect with the rich history and significance of this sacred holiday.

As families gather around the Seder table to celebrate freedom and liberation, the spirit of Passover serves as a reminder of the enduring power of hope, resilience, and the pursuit of justice.

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